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The word “glia” is derived from the Greek word meaning “glue,” owing to their appearance of gluing together cells in the nervous system. Müller glia can be seen spanning the entire retina and touching all cell types. Müller cells constitute the dominant glial cell type in the retina. They are the only cells spanning the entire thickness of the tissue, thus connecting the inner with the outer retinal surface. These tubular cells widen towards the inner retinal surface and terminate in funnel-like endfeet. Eberhart Zrenner MD, in Clinical Ocular Toxicology, 2008. Damage to glial cells.
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They mop up neural waste products such as carbon dioxide and ammonia and recycle spent amino acid transmitters. They protect neurons from exposure Müller cells, the major type of glial cells in the retina, are responsible for the homeostatic and metabolic support of retinal neurons. By mediating transcellular ion, water, and bicarbonate transport, Müller cells control the composition of the extracellular space fluid. Müller cells, the major type of glial cells in the retina, are responsible for the homeostatic and metabolic support of retinal neurons. By mediating transcellular ion, water, and bicarbonate transport, Müller cells control the composition of the extracellular space fluid. Müller cells provide trophic and anti‐oxidative support of photoreceptors A malignant mixed Müllerian tumor, also known as malignant mixed mesodermal tumor (MMMT) is a cancer found in the uterus, the ovaries, the fallopian tubes and other parts of the body that contains both carcinomatous (epithelial tissue) and sarcomatous (connective tissue) components. Müller cells are the most abundant type of glial cells found in the vertebrate retina, and perform diverse functions that support the activity of retinal neurons.
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PMID 6983647. Muller HJ (July 1927). "Artificial Transmutation of the Müller glia, or Müller cells, are a type of retinal glial cells, first recognized and described by Heinrich Müller. They are found in the vertebrate retina, which serve as support cells for the neurons, as all glial cells do.
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"Artificial Transmutation of the Molecular and Cellular Biology.
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Barium also substantially increased the input resistance of Muller cells and blocked the Muller cell-generated M-wave, indicating that barium blocks the potassium
Abstract The cell‐attached and excised patch configurations of the patch clamp technique were used to study stretch‐activated ion channels in Muller glial cells
Sep 28, 2015 To investigate the cellular basis of tissue integrity in a vertebrate central nervous system (CNS) tissue, we eliminated Müller glial cells (MG)
Ontogenetically, Muller cells are the only glia cells which are retina-born.
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av GJ Samuels · 1983 · Citerat av 76 — In the anamorph conidiogenesis was holoblastic, with conidiogenous cells either Müller, 1977. Müller E. Die systematische Stellung des “Schneeschimmels'. buffers enable separation of bacteria from blood cells at high cell Muller, P.B.; Rossi, M.; Marin, A.G.; Barnkob, R.; Augustsson, P.; Laurell, T.; Abstract: A carrier for a plurality of solar cells has a dedicated holding location for each cell for the purpose of mounting it. The carrier is designed like a plate and Tromas A, Braun N, Muller P, Khodus T, Paponov IA, Palme K, Ljung K, Lee J-Y, ABP1 affects PLETHORA gradients and confers auxin sensitivity to root cells Illerhaus G, Muller F, Feuerhake F, Schafer AO, Ostertag C, Finke J. High-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation without Illustration: Timo Muller Tekniken i bränslecellsenheten kallas Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) och den konverterar naturgas till vätgasrik B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) proteins are the main regulators of mitochondrial apoptosis.
because Mu¨ller cells can survive under neurodegenerative conditions, they may mediate independent protection of the entire retina for a more extended period compared to a transduced damaged or dying neuron impacted by one of these diseases. As such, they represent an ideal candidate for viral gene therapy for secretion of neuroprotective factors. CELLMULLER Inc. DIGITAL MARKETING.
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They are the most common type of glial cell found in the retina. Müller cells, the major type of glial cells in the retina, are responsible for the homeostatic and metabolic support of retinal neurons. By mediating transcellular ion, water, and bicarbonate transport, Müller cells control the composition of the extracellular space fluid. Müller cells provide trophic and anti-oxidative support of photoreceptors Muller (radial glial) cells span the entire thickness of the retina, and contact and ensheath every type of neuronal cell body and process. This morphological relationship is reflected by a multitude of functional interactions between retinal neurons and Muller cells, including extracellular ion homeostasis and glutamate recycling by Muller cells. Muller cells provide homeostatic and metabolic support for retinal neurons, like the ganglions and starburst amacrines we map in Eyewire.
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This immortalized cell line facilitates gene expression studies in Müller cells and improves the understanding of Müller cell-neuron interactions.
Müller glia can be seen spanning the entire retina and touching all cell types. Thus Muller cell functions include: Supplying endproducts of anaerobic metabolism (breakdown of glycogen) to fuel aerobic metabolism in the nerve cells.